In 1867, Girard-Perregaux unveiled the ‘Tourbillon with Three Gold Bridges’ and an icon was born. Unusually, the bridges, three functional parts typically hidden from view, were made an aesthetic element. By taking this decision, the Manufacture became known for making the invisible visible. This approach has been employed on several subsequent Girard-Perregaux models. With the advent of the new Girard-Perregaux Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges with Three Flying Bridges, the Maison perpetuates this design philosophy but with a few fascinating twists along the way.
This year marks the 230th anniversary of Girard-Perregaux Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges . As part of its celebrations, the Manufacture is revisiting its iconic models and releasing a number of new creations, often infused with a dose of modernity. The Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges is endowed with three Neo Bridges formed of pink gold, the first time all three Neo bridges have been made from this noble metal. Interestingly, after releasing the Free bridge in 2020, the release of the new Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges will be the final subfamily to join the company’s Bridges collection.
The Girard-Perregaux Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges not only support the geartrain, barrel and tourbillon, they also act as the mainplate. The result is that the bridges appear to float in mid-air, seemingly untouched by gravity. This unusual construction required the Maison to affix the indexes to the flange which in turn is attached to the case.
The upper and lower surfaces of the pink gold bridges are dressed in black PVD coating. They are the very antithesis of conspicuous consumption. Only the slim, vertical flanks of each bridge are exposed, providing a clue to their noble composition. Indeed, the bridges can be described as ‘super discreet luxury’ where only those in the know are aware of their precious nature. Each bridge is painstakingly chamfered by hand using a small piece of boxwood, a technique employed for hundreds of years. It takes a time-served artisan one full day to achieve a perfect finish. While the Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges appears contemporary, it still upholds many of the traditional techniques synonymous with Haute Horlogerie.
Patrick Pruniaux, CEO of Girard-Perregaux, remarks, “We wanted to create a watch that provides a bridge to our past but also demonstrates our vision for the future. It draws on the talents of our artisans and watchmakers, pairing traditional methods with innovative techniques. The Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges embraces three-dimensional architecture, allowing the wearer to see many parts typically hidden away. Since its inception, Girard-Perregaux has made the invisible visible, something I expect it will continue to do for the next 230 years. However, where our team has chosen to add a slight twist is by making the bridges from gold and then shrouding them in black PVD, save for their sides. It seems wonderfully indulgent, a trait synonymous with luxury, that will remain a secret to most people, except for those in the know.”
A notable characteristic of this timepiece is that it plays with three dimensional forms, positioning various dial elements at different heights, a characteristic shared in common with some of the world’s finest architectural structures. Despite its complexity, the dial remains clean, uncluttered and simple to read, with the barrel, gear train and tourbillon arranged along a north-south axis. The barrel is positioned in the upper portion of the dial and sits above a white gold micro-rotor, harnessing energy from the motion of the wearer’s wrist. The vertical sides of the rotor are engraved with the watch’s model name, a subtle detail which perfectly demonstrates the Manufacture’s obsession with the minutiae.
The tourbillon is positioned to the base of the dial. Its cage is lyre-shaped, a historical design dating back to the 19th century, albeit in this instance it is made of ultra-modern Grade 5 titanium. A blued hand on the cage rotates 360° every minute and serves as a small seconds display. The tourbillon cage is comprised of 79 components and weighs a mere 0.25 grams. This remarkably low mass mitigates energy consumption, thereby contributing to the movement’s impressive power-reserve of 60 hours (minimum).
The sapphire crystal, positioned atop the dial, has gently sloping sides that curve downwards to the outer edge of the case middle, hence the model eschews a conventional bezel. To achieve this eye catching aesthetic, it takes between four to five times more material than a regular sapphire crystal. It also necessitates much expertise to polish the crystal box to a flawless conclusion. Surprisingly, having expended much effort making this upper sapphire crystal, the time-served craftsperson has to repeat the exercise and make a similar crystal box to shroud the underside of the watch head. By equipping the Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges with upper and lower crystal box sapphire crystals, the Manufacture has imbued the model with a harmonious degree of symmetry.
The Tourbillon with Three Flying Bridges is immediately available worldwide in all authorised Girard Perregaux retailers.
To commemorate its 230th anniversary Girard-Perregaux is announcing a new take on its well-regarded “Three Bridges” movement architecture. This week, during Geneva Watch Days, the brand released the new 18k rose gold 44mm Tourbillon With Three Flying Bridges – a futuristic take on a Victorian-era invention.
The three bridges have been a mainstay for the brand since the mid to late 19th century. GP was effectively the first brand to pluck the bridges from obscurity (they are generally a hidden component of the overall movement) and make them a spotlight design feature. Late 1800’s iterations of the three-bridges had them made from platinum. The brand has used all manner of precious metals in the past, but for the first time, all three bridges on the front are fashioned from pink gold – with the upper and lower surfaces coated in black PVD (the three bridges on the back are PVD coated titanium).
Aside from the the literal function the bridges provide in supporting the gear train, barrel, and tourbillon, they also act as the mainplate which is where the touches of futurism come into play. Each of the bridges achieve a level of optical illusion as they appear to be floating freely. Adding to the space-age aesthetic are the markers, which are attached to the flange (outer dial) which, in turn, is affixed to the case.
The tourbillon is positioned toward the bottom of the dial in a lyre-shaped cage featuring a blued hand that moves in a 360 degree rotation, thereby acting as a small seconds indicator.